This is a page that lists most of the famous Indian Cattle breeds. I have copied them from various websites and have collated this information. I have travelled to each of the cattle centers to ascertain the facts and also take picutres and other matieral about the cows and their characteristics.
I thank Sree Math, Hosanagara Ramachandra pura for all the guidance and support. Special thanks to Jeevan Das who helped me in Gujarat.

This page is dedicated to SHRI P S MADHAVAKRISHNA
1GIR
  • This breed is otherwise called as Bhadawari, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi, and Surati.
  • Originated in Gir forests of South Kathiawar in Gujarat also found in Maharashtra and adjacent Rajasthan.
  • Basic colours of skin are white with dark red or chocolate-brown patches or sometimes black or purely red.
  • Horns are peculiarly curved, giving a ‘half moon’ appearance.
  • Milk yield ranges from 1200-1800 kgs per lactation.
  • This bread is known for its hardiness and disease resistance
2LAL SINDHI
  • his breed is otherwise called as Red Karachi and Sindhi and Mahi.
  • Originated in Karachi and Hyderabad (Pakistan) regions of undivided India and also reared in certain organized farms in our country.
  • Colour is red with shades varying from dark red to light, strips of white.
  • Milk yield ranges from 1250 to 1800 kgs per lactation.
  • Bullocks despite lethargic and slow can be used for road and field work.
3SAHIWAL
  • Originated in Montgomery region of undivided India.
  • This breed otherwise known as Lola (loose skin), Lambi Bar, Montgomery, Multani, Teli.
  • Best indigenous dairy breed.
  • Reddish dun or pale red in colour, sometimes flashed with white patches.
  • Heavy breed with symmetrical body having loose skin.
  • The average milk yield of this breed is between 1400 and 2500 kgs per lactation
4HALLIKAR
  • Originated from the former princely state of Vijayanagarm, presently part of Karnataka.
  • The colour is grey or dark grey.
  • Compact, muscular and medium size animal with prominent forehead, long horns and strong legs.
  • The breed is best known for its draught capacity and especially for its trotting ability.
5BENNE
CHAWDI
OR
AMRUT
MAHAL
  • Originated in Hassan, Chikmagalur and Chitradurga district of Karnataka.
  • Amiritmahals are grey cattle but their shade varies from almost white to near black.
  • The muzzle, feat and tail are usually black.
  • Horns are long and end in sharp black points
6KHILLARI
  • Originated from Sholapur and Sitapur districts of Maharashtra.
  • Closely resembles Hallikar breed.
  • Grey-white in colour.
  • Long horns turn forwards in a peculiar fashion. The horns are generally black, sometimes pinkish.
  • Bullocks are fast and powerful.   
7KANGEYAM
  • Also known as kongu and konganad.
  • Originated in Kangayam, Dharapuram, Perundurai, Erode, Bhavani and part of Gobichettipalayam taluk of Erode and Coimbatore district.
  • Bulls are grey with dark colour in hump, fore and hind quarters.
  • The horns are spread apart, nearly straight with a slight curve backwards.
  • Cows are grey or white.
  • The eyes are dark and prominent with black rings around them.
  • Moderate size with compact bodies.
8BARAGUR
  • Found around Bargur hills in Bhavani taluk of Erode district in Tamilnadu.
  • Developed for work in uneven hilly terrains.
  • Generally brown colour with white markings.
  • Animals are well built, compact and medium in size.
  • Known for their speed and endurance in trotting.
  • Cautious in behaviour and tends to remain away from strangers.
9UMBLACHERY
  • It is otherwise called as Jathi madu, Mottai madu, Molai madu, Therkathi madu.
  • Originated inThanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagappattinam districts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Suitable for wet ploughing and known for their strength and sturdiness.
  • Umblachery calves are generally red or brown at birth with all the characteristic white marking on the face, on limbs and tail.
  • The legs have white markings below the hocks like socks.
  • The practice of dehorning of bullocks is peculiar in Umblachery cattle.
10PULIKULAM
  • This breed is commonly seen in cumbum valley of Madurai district in Tamil Nadu.
  • Also known as Jallikattu madu, kidai madu, sentharai.
  • Small in size, usually grey or dark grey in colour.
  • Well- developed hump.
  • Mainly used for penning in the field.
  • Useful for ploughing.
  • Presence of reddish or brownish spots in muzzle, eyes, switch and back is the characteristic feature of this breed. 
  • Typical backward curving horns of likeMysore type cattle.
  • Breeds are active, useful draught animals but not fast trotter
11ALAMBADI
  • Originated from Alambadi of Dharmapuri district in Tamilnadu.
  • Grey or dark grey in colour. 
  • White markings will be seen in forehead, limb and tail.
  • Horns are backward curving like Mysore cattle.
  • Resembles Hallikar and also known as Betas.
  • It is useful in ploughing
12THARPARKAR
  • Originated in Tharparkar district (Pakistan) of undivided India and also found in Rajasthan.
  • Otherwise known as White Sindhi, Gray Sindhi and Thari.
  • They are medium sized, compact and have lyre-shaped horn.
  • Body colour is white or light grey.
  • The bullocks are quite suitable for ploughing and casting and the cows yield 1800 to 2600 kgs of milk per lactation.
13HARYANVI
  • It was originated from Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana and also popular in Punjab, UP and parts of MP.
  • Horns are small.
  • The bullocks are powerful work animals.
  • Hariana cows are fair milkers yielding 600 to 800 kg of milk per lactation.
14KANKREJ
  • It is otherwise called as Wadad or Waged, Wadhiar.
  • Originated from Southeast Rann of Kutch of Gujarat and adjoining Rajasthan (Barmer and Jodhpur district).
  • The horns are lyre-shaped.
  • Colour of the animal varies from silver-grey to iron-grey or steel black.
  • The gait of Kankrej is peculiar called as 1 paces (sawai chal).
  • Kankrej is valued for fast, powerful, draught cattle. Useful in ploughing and carting.
  • The cows are good milkers, yielding about 1400 kgs per lactation.
15ONGOLE
  • Otherwise known as Nellore.
  • Home tract is Ongole taluk in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Large muscular breed with a well developed hump.
  • Suitable for heavy draught work.
  • White or light grey in colour.
  • Average milk yield is 1000 kgs per lactation.
16KRISHNA
  • Originated from black cotton soil of the water shed of the river Krishna in Karnataka and also found in border districts of Maharastra.
  • Animals are large, having a massive frame with deep, loosely built short body.
  • Tail almost reaches the ground.
  • Generally grey white in colour with a darker shade on fore quarters and hind quarters in male. Adults females are more whitish in appearance.
  • The bullocks are powerful animals useful for slow ploughing, and valued for their good working qualities.
  • The average yield is about 900 kgs per lactation.
17DEONI
  • This breed otherwise known as Dongerpati, Dongari, Wannera, Waghyd, Balankya, Shevera.
  • Originated in Western Andra Pradesh and also found in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state and adjoining part of Karnataka.
  • Body colour is usually spotted black and white.
  • Milk yield ranges from 636 to 1230 kgs per lactation.
  • Caving interval average is 447 days.
  • Bullocks are suitable for heavy cultivation.
18MALENADU GIDDAHome Tract : Malenadu areas (costal hilly area) of Karnataka ( Mangalore, Karnataka. Kumata)

Type : Draught breed. Very small in size. Highly resistance to most diseases, takes little food and gives better quality milk. Ideal for small farmers.

Charecters

Colour : Brown, black, fawn and White are seen.

Males: Grey dark in neck, shoulders, hump quarters.

Head: Long and narrow.

Horns : Small

Tail : Long

19DANGIHome Tract: Nasik and Ahamadnagar districts of Maharastra, called Dangs Ghats

Type: Draught, Medium to heavy size. Known for Excellent working qualities in heavy rainfall areas.

Charecters

Colour: White with red or black spots over the body, shining coat.

Muzzle: Large

Horns: Short and thick.

Ears: Small

Hooves: Black, flint like, very hard.

Skin: Exudes oil secretion which protects from rain.

20RATHIBikaner, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab
21SIRI NUBLONGThis breed can stand the rugged conditions of the mountains very well. Bullocks are eagerly sought after for draught purposes (ploughing and transport) due to their reputed great strength. Hills around Darjeeling and Sikkim. Originally from Bhutan.
22PONWARDraught purpose. Cows are poor milkers.Pilbhit, Uttar Pradesh
23NIMARIHome Tract : Nimar tract of Narmada valley in Madhya Pradesh

Type : Draughts

Breed originated from Gir and Khillari.

Charecters

Colour : Red with large patches of white.

Horns: Emerge in backward direction. Occasionally copper coloured long.

Muzzle: Copper or red coloured.

Tail : Long, Switch is black.

24NAGORIHome Tract : Nagur districts of Rajastan.

Type : Draught

Charecters

Colour : White, light Grey.

Eyes: White eyelids, heavy and over hanging

Horns : Black, emerging from outer angles.

Hooves: Black

Ears: Medium size, inside is pinkish.

Muzzle: Black.

25MALVIHome Tract : Malva area of Madhya Pradesh and jhaslwar districts of Rajasthan.

Type : Draught

Charecters

Colour : White

Males: Grey dark in neck, shoulders, hump quarters.

Head: Short, dished forehead.

Horns : Strong pointed emerge from outer angles from poll.

Tail : Switch is black.

26KERIGHARThe cattle of this breed are very active and thrive on grazing only. Bullocks are good for light draught and quick light transport. The cows are poor milkers. Kheri, Uttar Pradesh.
27KENKATHABullocks are small but fairly sturdy animals and good for cultivation in rocky areas. Banda, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh.
28KASARGODThis is found mostly in and around karnataka and kerala borders. they are small and dark colored. 
29BACHAURSitamarhi Bihar Bullocks are used for draught purpose. Cows are poor milkers.